Diabetes is a condition in which insulin production in body is decreased or body cells do not respond to it properly.
Now you must be wondering that how diabetes can lead to eye problems or what insulin has to do with all this?
Don’t worry… I am here to discuss about it with you.
The role of insulin is to regulate the way food is used by your body. It regulates the blood sugar. But during diabetes both in type 1 and 2 there is increased blood sugar level due to no insulin production in type 1, and due to reduced insulin effect in type 2.
Now you know what role insulin is playing, but how diabetes lead to eye problem is still a mystery for you. Come let’s discover!!
When light passes through your eyes, it is focused on retina which contains light sensitive cells, and then it is processed here and interpreted by brain. There is a network of blood vessels supplying to retina. High blood sugar level is leading cause of blindness among 30-70 age groups. People with diabetes may develop eye diseases like- glaucoma, cataract, and diabetic retinopathy.
- During diabetes these blood vessels get damaged and blur the vision. This is known as diabetic retinopathy. It can be controlled by controlling blood sugar.
- It also leads to swelling of lens due to high blood sugars and decrease vision. It can be controlled by adding eye drops.
- There can be clouding or fogging of lens known as cataract. It can be treated by surgery, wherein lens is extracted followed by insert of lens implant.
You can reduce the risk of eye problem by controlling blood sugar level. Also eye drops can relieve you from eye problems. And you can look the beautiful world around you without any obstacle!!